Pupils at Hartford Church of England High School
Prospectus Calendar OFSTED Report


  • Mr A Brown - Curriculum Leader - Humanities
  • Mrs V Carnell - Assistant Curriculum Leader- Humanities
  • Miss K Weiss - Teacher of History
  • Mr E Trotman - Teacher of History

The Key Stage 3 curriculum offers learners the opportunity to explore and develop their historical skills and knowledge. Each year builds on the skills required to develop as a young historian, preparing them for GCSE but also ensuring that lessons are both challenging and interesting. Key Stage 3 creates a springboard for Key Stage 4, in the sense that students have received exposure to the types of exam style questions posed at GCSE, developing key skills of analysis, evaluation and the ability to make supported judgements.

Key Stage 3

Year 7

Why was the Norman Conquest Successful and How well did Medieval Monarchs keep control? How did the Tudors change England? How did Elizabeth I deal with the problems she faced? Why is religion so important in Stuart times?

Topics include: Norman Conquest, Castle Development, Thomas Becket, King John, The Black Death, The Peasants Revolt, The Reformation, Henry’s Break with Rome, Dissolution of the Monasteries, Religious changes under Edward VI and Mary Tudor, Elizabeth’s religious settlement, Mary Queen of Scots, Spanish Armada, James I, Gunpowder Plot, Charles I and the Causes of the English Civil War, Cromwell: Hero or Villain, Puritan England.

Year 8

Why did WWI affect so many people? How did WWII change the world? Why did Britain develop the Transatlantic Slave Trade and what was its impact and legacy?

Topics include: Origins of WWI e.g. Alliance Systems and growing international tension, Assassination of Franz Ferdinand, Development of Trench Warfare, Trench Life, Weapons in WWI, Battle of the Somme, Women in WWI, Treaty of Versailles, Steps to War e.g. Remilitarisation of the Rhineland, Anschluss, Sudetenland Crisis, Invasion of Poland, Appeasement, Blitzkrieg, Dunkirk, Battle of Britain, Stalingrad, D-Day, Dropping of the Atomic Bomb, Holocaust, Triangular Trade, Middle Passage, Arrival in the Americas, Plantation Life, Slave Rebellions, Abolition of the Slave Trade, Civil Rights Movement.

Year 9

What problems affected the rule of Kaiser Wilhelm II in Germany? What challenges faced the Weimar Republic and how effectively did it deal with them? How did the Nazis achieve a dictatorship in Germany?

Topics Include: The Character of Kaiser Wilhelm II, What powers did the Kaiser have? What challenged the Kaiser’s authority? How did WWI affect Germany? The Spartacist Revolt, Kapp Putsch, Hyper-inflation, Munich Putsch, Stresemann Years and recovery, Wall Street Crash, How the Nazis gained power? Reichstag Fire, Night of the Long Knives, Kristallnacht, Hitler Youth, Nazi Education policies, Women in Nazis Germany, Opposition to the Nazis.

Key Stage 4

The aim of our History curriculum at both Key Stage 3 and 4 is to inspire curiosity and a life-long fascination of the past. We expect that our students will learn about a wide range of historical topics and make clear links between them and the world that they currently live in. We also want students to build up their knowledge and develop the requisites in order to create a smooth transition from Key Stage 3 to Key Stage 4 and beyond. Ideally we want students to have a good understanding of key aspects, which are important in their world and society e.g. respect, tolerance and a keen awareness of democratic values. In addition with the study of History at GCSE level students will develop the key skills of perseverance, resilience, analysis, evaluation and synthesis.

The History Department follows the AQA GCSE specification

  • Paper 1: Germany: Democracy to Dictatorship, 1890-1945, and Conflict and Tension: Origins of WWI, 1894-1918 (2 hours exam = 50%)
  • Paper 2: Elizabethan England, 1558-1603 and Power and the People, 1170 - present (2 hours exam = 50%)

Topics studied at GCSE: Anglo-German Naval Rivalry, rise of militarism in Europe, Development of Alliance Systems, Battle of the Marne, Battle of Verdun, Battle the Passchendaele, Gallipoli Campaign, War at Sea, ‘100 Days’, Elizabeth’s Court, Elizabeth religious problems e.g. how did she deal with the Puritans and the Catholics, Northern Rebellion, Ridolfi Plot, Mary Queen of Scots and the Babington Plot, Threats from Spain, Elizabethan Explorers, The Poor in Elizabethan England, ‘Golden Age’ of Elizabethan England, the Magna Carta, Simon de Montfort, Peasants Revolt, Pilgrimage of Grace, American War of Independence, Peterloo Massacre, Chartists, Corn Laws, Rise of Trade Unionism, Women’s Suffrage Movement, Poll Tax riots, Racial tension: Brixton Riots.